Monday, May 22, 2017

Utah's Seasonally Adjusted Unemployment Rates

Seasonally adjusted unemployment rates for all Utah counties have been posted online here.

Each month, these rates are posted the Monday following the Unemployment Rate Update for Utah.

For more information about seasonally adjusted rates, read a DWS analysis here.

Next update scheduled for June 19th.

Friday, May 19, 2017

Utah's Employment Situation for April 2017

Utah's Employment Situation for April 2017 has been released on the web.

Find the Current Economic Situation in its entirety here.

For charts and tables, including County Employment, go to the Employment and Unemployment page.

Next update scheduled for June 16th, 2017.


Wednesday, May 3, 2017

Census Bureau Tool Provides Labor-Force Insight for Utah


Across the United States, jobs are quantified through each state’s unemployment insurance program. Those programs provide the potential for laid-off workers to receive unemployment benefits — the goal being to bridge the gap between workers’ lost jobs and their next jobs. An eligible recipient’s weekly benefit amount is based upon their earnings from recent work. This begs the question, how does Utah’s unemployment insurance program know how much an individual recently earned while working?

That answer is supplied by all businesses that hire workers, as they must report their employees and pay as mandated by the unemployment insurance laws. Companies identify their individual workers and those workers’ monetary earnings for a calendar quarter. As businesses are identified by their industrial activity and geographic location, it is through the unemployment insurance program that aggregate employment counts by industry and location are calculated.

Yet each state’s profiling of individuals is quite minimal in the unemployment insurance program. The U.S. Census Bureau can bring more light to the overall labor force by supplementing said information with gender, age, race/ethnicity and educational attainment (imputted from American Community Survey responses) for Utah’s labor force.

The Census Bureau packages this information through their Local Employment Dynamics program and makes available said data on its website. Here at the Department of Workforce Services, we recently downloaded and packaged Utah-specific data from said website and summarized it in the attached visualization.

Various data “tabs” are available, presenting Utah’s economy from different angles, ranging from industry shares within the economy to the age-group distributions of the labor force, to gender and race distributions. These labor variables can be viewed for the state as a whole, or by each individual county.

Some statewide highlights:

Industry — industrial distribution is quite diverse, which provides strength within the economy. Distributions do fluctuate with time, with manufacturing seeing its share lessen while health care and professional and business services shares have increased.

Age — the bulk of Utah’s labor force is composed of 25- to 44-year-olds. Older worker shares have increased over the past 15 years, yet still remain a non-dominant portion of Utah’s labor force. The youngest segments of the labor force declined noticeably during the Great Recession due to less participation, and that trend remains.

Educational Attainment — turnover rates are understandably highest with workers under the age of 25 as they strive to build their educational foundation and also find their niche in the labor market. A trend does stand out where the more education that a worker attains, the lower the turnover rate businesses experience from said educational classes.

Race/Ethnicity — Whites account for around 80 percent of Utah’s labor force. The Asian community is small but slowly increasing in share, and is also characterized with the lowest turnover rate and the highest new-hire wages.

Gender — males comprise about 55 percent of Utah’s labor force. The female share of 45 percent is higher than the national average. Roughly 35 percent of working females work part-time compared to 15 percent for males. Therefore, female new-hire wages are considerably lower than male new-hire wages. (Note: employer reporting into the unemployment insurance system is not hourly wage rate reporting but instead total calendar quarter wages paid. Therefore, calculations can only be made upon total quarterly wages, and part-time employment weakens this measure).

As for the various counties in the region, here are some labor highlights:

Uintah Mining employs about the same share that it did in 2000. In 2000 and 2016, the mining sector accounted for 16 percent of all jobs. The age of the workforce has increased markedly. In 2000, 32 percent of the workforce was 25 or younger. The current share is 19 percent. Paradoxically, the share of workers with a high school diploma or less has actually increased. In 2000, this group comprised 33 percent of employment. The 2016 number is 39 percent.

Duchesne The mining sector has become the dominant force in the economy. Its share increased from 9 percent in 2000 to 21 percent in 2015. Trade and Education have shrunk as a share of total jobs. Their combined share decreased from 37 percent in 2000 to 25 percent in 2015. Like Uintah County, the age of the workforce has increased markedly. In 2000, 31 percent of the workforce was 25 or younger. The current share is 16 percent. The share of workers with a high school diploma or less has also increased. In 2000, this group comprised 34 percent of employment. The 2016 number is 41 percent.

Daggett The Daggett County economy has become more diverse. In 2000, Public Administration and Leisure and Hospitality, and Education made up 79 percent of all jobs. In 2015, this number had decreased to 70 percent. Daggett County has also seen the age of the workforce has increased. In 2000, 45 percent of the workforce was 25 or younger. The current share is 15 percent. Workers 65 years and older increased their share from 4 percent in 2000 to 10 percent in 2015. Consistent with the trend, the share of workers with a high school diploma or less has actually increased. In 2000, this group comprised 45 percent of employment. The 2016 number is 21 percent. The workforce, while still overwhelmingly white, has become more diverse. The minority share of jobs grew from 6 percent in 2000 to 11 percent by 2015.

Friday, April 7, 2017

Native Americans in Utah and Uintah County


 
The word 'Utah' means 'top of the mountains' and is derived from the Ute Indian language." --From a Utah tourist brochure dated June 1955.

"The word 'Utah originated with the people inhabiting that region..of the Utah nation, which belongs to the Shoshone family. There were many tribes...There were the Pah Utes...and many others. Pah signifies water. ...Pah Utes, Indians that live about the water." --from Hubert H. Bancroft's "History of Utah." published in 1964.

"Utah comes from the Ute tribe and means 'people of the mountains." --From the Information Please 1994 almanac.

"Utah -- from a Navajo word meaning upper, or higher up, as applied to a Shoshone tribe called Ute. Spanish form is Yutta. English is Uta or Utah." --From The 1979 World Almanac and Book of Facts.

These quotes compiled by the Utah Education Network website show that we are still not sure where the  state’s name came from but fairly certain that it originated with the state’s indigenous peoples. There are roughly 32 thousand Native Americans in Utah, or a little over 1 percent of the population.

There are eight federally recognized Indian tribes in the state:

·         Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation (Nevada and Utah)

·         Navajo Nation (Arizona, New Mexico and Utah)

·         Northwestern Band of Shoshoni Nation 

·         Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah  (Cedar Band of Paiutes, Kanosh Band of Paiutes, Koosharem Band of Paiutes, Indian Peaks Band of Paiutes, and Shivwits Band of Paiutes)

·         Skull Valley Band of Goshute Indians of Utah

·         Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah and Ouray Reservation

·         Ute Mountain Ute Tribe (Colorado, New Mexico and Utah)

These tribes are distributed across the breadth of Utah with concentrations in the eastern and southwestern parts of the state. There is also is significant Native American presence along the Wasatch front population centers.

The Department of Workforce Services has just published an interactive graphic detailing demographic information about Utah’s Native American population. The visualization has six tabs.  Unlike other department graphic tools, it has a principal focus on raw numbers rather than proportions because of the huge disparity in populations at the county level. For example there are thousands of Native Americans in San Juan County but only one person in Rich County.

The first tab presents median earnings defined as compensation from all employment plus other sources of income. This is a useful measure when comparing the income of workers who may receive non-wage income from the sales of agricultural products or bonus income from the sale of tribal natural resources. The number of counties is limited because of the paucity of reliable data in counties with small Native American populations.  Statewide, full time males earn slightly less than their national counterparts. The same is true for female Native American Utahns. It must be noted that Utah tribes are geographically disadvantaged when compared to their Pacific and eastern peers; tribal seats are far from the major population areas and therefore unable to market their legal and cultural advantages as effectively.

The second tab shows veterans status by age. Native American Utahns are less likely to be former members of the armed forces.  For Utahns and the nation as a whole, younger people are much less likely to be veterans than their elders.

The third tab shows educational attainment, Here, the results are mixed. The distribution for male Utahns is about the same as for male Native Americans nationally; around 13 percent of males have college degrees and roughly 23 percent have not finished high schools. However only 11 percent of Utah females have college while the comparable national statistic is close to 13 percent  Further, Utah lags the national statistics with respect to the native American females without a high school; diploma by roughly two percentage points. 

The fourth tab shows Native American home ownership. Here the Utah statistics are very similar to the nations; the majority of the population owns their home either outright are with a mortgage. Around 45 percent rent.

The fifth and final tab details poverty rates. Roughly 32 percent of Utah Native Americans are in poverty. In contrast, 28 percent of their national counterparts are in poverty. Roughly 55 percent of the population in poverty is female; the national analogue is only slightly less. 6 percent of the Utah’s senor Native American population exists below the poverty level. The national number is markedly higher at 11 percent.

Uintah County

The Uintah and Ouray reservation is located in Northeastern Utah. The tribal seat is Fort Duchesne, approximately 150 miles east of Salt Lake City. It is the second largest Indian Reservation in the United States and covers over 4.5 million acres. It lies in parts of seven counties: Uintah, Duchesne, WasatchGrandCarbonUtah, and Emery. The reservation (in some form) has been in existence since 1864.

The vast majority of the tribe’s population resides in Duchesne and Uintah counties. The latest Census Bureau estimates for population are 800 Native Americans Duchesne County and 2,631 Native Americans in Uintah County. This represents 4 and 7 percent of the two county’s total population, respectively. This blog posts will concentrate on Uintah county residents; this constitutes the vast majority Uintah Basin residents. Furthermore, like their nonnative counterparts, the statistics for Duchesne and Uintah Counties are quite similar. This underlying reason for this is that, like the rest of the Uintah basin, economic activity is dominated by natural gas and oil extraction.

Uintah County Native American earnings are roughly equivalent to the national average; this is no doubt due to natural resource distributions. The earnings of the Uintah County’s Native Americans working full time are relatively unaffected by sex; median earnings are roughly the same for both men and women  This is in contrast to the state and national average; women tend to earn much less than men. However, the male/female part time work differential is much larger than the one reported both statewide and nationally.

The proportion of Native American veterans in Uintah County is around 11 percent. This lies between the state and national rate of 9 percent and 14 percent, respectively.  Veteran’s status for those over 65 years old is very similar to the national archetype. However, county Native Americans ages 18-65 are much less likely to be veterans than Native Americans nationally; only 5 percent of county residents are veterans as opposed to 11 percent across the country.    

Only 6 percent of Uintah County Native Americans hold bachelor’s degrees. Again, the statewide number is close to 12 percent. In contrast, the proportion of the population without a high school diploma or equivalent is 33 percent; the statewide number is 21 percent.

Roughly one-half of the population owns their homes free and clear. This statistics overstates the areas’ wealth. Federal law prohibits the alienation of tribal lands. Since nonnative lenders cannot foreclose, there is virtually no mortgage market on the reservation.

Poverty is much less prevalent for Native Americans in Uintah County than statewide; 27 percent of the population is in poverty. Again, the statewide number is around 32 percent. Also, this rate is roughly the same as national poverty rates. In addition, the poverty rate for both males and females is roughly the same in Uintah County. The lower rates are probably caused by the tribe’s ability to distribute royalty income from natural resource extraction. However the proportion of tribal member over 65 in poverty is lower than the statewide rate but above the national rate; 37 percent of elderly tribal members are in poverty.

 

 

Tuesday, February 14, 2017

Better, Faster, Smarter... Check out our new website design!


Go to: JOBS.UTAH.GOV/WI to check it out

Information is the treasure of the current age. The instant access to information since the advent of the Internet has transformed societies in ways that thousands of years prior had not. Information can lead to knowledge, and — with increased knowledge — better efficiencies and way of life. If information is vital, then the presentation of information has also risen to a prominent level. With this, the Utah Department of Workforce Services has made some organizational improvements to its economic webpages. Various economic data categories are not mutually exclusive, but we made an effort to compartmentalize economic data for a better organizational display and navigation. We also added a new feature area that taps into various national data elements and measurements from the Federal Reserve Economic Data (FRED), the database of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. FRED’s added value is national — and Utah — economic indicators. More on FRED’s contribution below.

Depending on the subject, economic data can be categorized as either broad or specific. For example, the demographic makeup of an area and how that impacts an economic structure is a broad-subject approach. Conversely, a current monthly snapshot of the Utah economy, its job growth and unemployment rate is a more specific observation. Our economic webpage has four “portals” through which to “categorize” and search for information. One portal is broad, while the other three are more specific in nature.

Topic Portals

The monthly employment profile just mentioned is a specific topic and gets its own “portal,” entitled Employment Update. Here, the most current Utah economic performance can be explored and summarized. The information found here is what often gets cited in the local news media in reference to the current Utah job performance and unemployment rate.

The second specific “portal” is labeled Local Insights. This is a quarterly profile of the Utah economy down to a county level. Each county is summarized with its own economic performance, including job growth, unemployment rate, housing starts, taxable sales and other profile variables. The common theme here is a county-specific approach.

The third specific “portal” is Reports and Analysis. Workforce Services’ economic forte is the labor market. Things over and above the everyday reporting on the labor market are presented here. Sometimes we do special economic studies, other times we will report on specific economic groups within the labor force, like women or veterans. Anything we do that is not an often repeated or ongoing report are grouped here.

The final “portal,” and possibly the one that will be most used, is labeled Economic Data. The core of our data collection and analysis is concentrated here. Employment data, occupational data, wage information and demographic profiles are just some of the major economic themes found in this area.

FRED's on site

As mentioned earlier, we have added an economic indicator area tapping into FRED, which is a massive compilation of economic data from various sources — primarily government statistical agencies, but also some nongovernmental organizations. Workforce Services economists have gone through the list and selected a handful of the most useful data series for gauging the performance of Utah’s macro economy and gaining insights into expected trends. Utah functions within the national economy, so the national economic indicators profiled here are intended to also be guiding influences on the Utah economy. These indicators include composite indexes; a recession probability indicator; leading indicators, such as construction permits and the yield curve; coincident indicators, such as real GDP and employment; and price indicators, such as the consumer price index, regional housing prices, and oil and gas prices. Each chart has a detailed description of what the data represent and how they may be useful.

Keeping relevant with the fast-changing pace of the Internet and data presentation is our goal at Workforce Services. We hope these changes help to better present our broad package of economic data offerings.

Friday, December 2, 2016

How Business is Organized in Utah and in the Uintah Basin

Utah has a diversified economy meaning employment is spread out across many industries. Some industries, like banking, tend to have many employees spread among many locations. Others, like hospitals, tend to cluster around a single location. “Mom and Pop” restaurants and law offices usually have one location and a small number of employees.The Department of Workforce Services has constructed an interactive data tool to flesh out these relationships. It uses data collected through Utah’s Unemployment Insurance system. This system produces a comprehensive tabulation of employment and wage information for workers covered by Utah Unemployment Insurance laws and Federal workers covered by the Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

The program makes two key definitions important for this analysis:
  • A firm, or a company, is a business and may consist of one or more establishments, where each establishment may participate in different predominant economic activity. 
  • An establishment is an economic unit, such as a farm, mine, factory, or store that produces goods or provides services. It is typically at a single physical location address and engaged in one, or predominantly one type of economic activity for which a single industry classification may be applied. 
As an example, Wells Fargo is a firm. Its branch locations are establishments.

The visualization’s first tab makes an important generalization about where people work. A typical Utahn is employed at a large company and works at a location employing 20–250 people.

The second tab shows that larger locations generally pay more than smaller locations. The prominent exception, of course, is shown in the 1-4 employer category. Analyst speculate that the large average wage is due to tax reasons. Sometimes there is a financial advantage in a sole proprietor (which of course would report as one location only) claiming his/herself as an employee. Again, these sort of tax vehicles would benefit higher earning professionals.

Tab 3 shows the percentage of total wages and employment sorted by location size. As expected from the distribution of employment, the bulk of the state’s wages are paid by locations employing 20-250 people with a sizable contribution coming from locations employing more than 1000. However, locations employing more than 100 workers contribute five percent in wages more than their employment would suggest. Schools, universities, and hospitals would be included in this employment range and generally pay higher wages.

The fourth and last tab focuses on firms (companies) by time. Here the results are unambiguous; these firms employ the biggest share of workers. However, it is interesting to note that firms employing 10-49 employees rank third in terms of share. These firms are commonly thought of as small businesses.

Uintah Basin

Because of confidentiality problems, it is problematic to separate firm data by county. Data is suppressed to protect the identity, or identifiable information, of cooperating employers. Most of the suppressed data are provided by or are substantially attributable to an individual employer. In many cases, suppressions may also be necessary for otherwise disclosable data that may be used to derive sensitive information from another industry or area.
However it is widely understood that employment in the Uintah Basin is dominated by the oil and gas industry.

An examination of the Average Monthly Wages by Establishment Size tab (Tab 3) for Uintah County shows that larger establishments tend to pay more than smaller establishments. Furthermore, establishments employing more than 10 employees pay decidedly more than their statewide counterparts; those employing less than 5 employees pay decidedly less than their statewide peers. This generalization is also true in Duchesne County. It is worth emphasizing that that the inflection point in both counties is exactly the same. Analysts speculate that this is because of the relative lack of small professional businesses in rural areas such as accounting and law firms.

The Quarterly Employment and Wages by Establishment Size (Tab 3) shows employment and wage share by establishment size. As noted above, locations with employment greater than 100 make up 45 percent of total state employment but contribute 50 percent of all wages. In Uintah County, locations employing more than 100 workers total 24 percent of employment but contribute 30 percent of county wages. The analogous numbers for Duchesne County are 37 percent for employment and 43 percent of total wages. On the small side of the spectrum, locations with less than 10 employees make up 13 percent of statewide employment and contribute 12 percent of wages. In Uintah County, these locations make up 18 percent of the employment base but only contribute 14 percent of wages. In Duchesne County these firms comprise 20 percent of total employment but only contribute 15 percent of total wages. This again is due to the relative scarcity of small professional firms in the Uintah Basin such as accounting and law firms.

Tuesday, November 8, 2016

Older Utahns in Uintah County



 

The Department of Workforce Services has just published an interactive graphic on older Utahns. Based on 2015 Census Bureau data, it allows researchers (and the simply curious) to “drill down” to the county level.

Roughly 15 percent of the state’s population is age 60 and older. Further, workers age 55 and older make up 17 percent of the labor force. As the population “greys”, the economic importance of older Utahns will naturally become of greater importance. The Deseret News recently reported that in 2015 there were 337 people in Utah over the age of 100. In 50 years, there will be nearly 7,000.

As an example of the information available and the potential for insights, this post will focus on Uintah County.

The visualization has six profile segmentations, each represented by a “tab” above the graphs that one can click on.

The first tab is a statewide overview of Utahns age 60 and older. From this the reader can generalize that about half of older Utahns still receive taxable income (either passive or active) and/or retirement income. Around 5 percent qualify for some form of public assistance. The typical older Utahn owns his or her home, is married, and speaks English. 

The second tab shows unemployment rates by county and age. Older (male) Uintah County residents experience lower unemployment than the state as a whole. Tab three shows that this rate is real rather than ephemeral; the labor force participation rates up to age 62 are significantly higher than statewide. After age 62, the comparison reverses; older Uintah County males are then less likely to participate in the labor force. This pattern seems to be consistent throughout eastern Utah. Analysts posit that a higher participation rate for workers under age 62 is out of necessity; private sector jobs that provide retirement plans are not as common in rural areas. The lower participation rates after age 62 could be a function of the availability of Social Security and the more physical nature of occupations in rural areas.

The fourth tab shows the older population sorted by poverty level, which is $11,670 for an individual.  Poverty affects the same proportion of Uintah County residents as it does Utah residents. However, the proportion of residents at the highest end of the scale (more than 400 percent of poverty or $46,680) is smaller in the county than statewide.

The fifth tab displays insurance coverage differentiated by educational attainment for older Utahns. Note that there is no display for persons without coverage; due to Medicare, that number is statistically zero for both Uintah County and the state as a whole for persons over age 65.  

It is somewhat surprising that so many Uintah County residents over age 65 are covered by private insurance. Given lower than statewide labor force participation, this is somewhat puzzling. Private insurance coverage also correlates with education. Better educated workers have better noncash benefits and would therefore prefer their private plan over the public options.

The sixth and final tab shows disability rates for older Utahns. Disability rates for Uintah County residents are generally the same as for older Utahns statewide. However, the rates for residents age 75 and over are lower for the county. For men, the difference is almost 10 percent. This difference could be a function of access to medical care; disabled residents might be moving to urban centers because of the availability of more specialized healthcare providers.

Wednesday, October 19, 2016

Show Me the Economy

Mark Knold, Supervising Economist 

“The government knows everything about everyone.”

 Fortunately, that statement is not true. Yet society still looks to the government to provide answers to comprehensive and complex questions that have their foundation within individual decisions and activities. One subject frequently directed toward the government is individual-level information about the economy — particularly, what occupations are in demand, what occupations pay well and have lucrative outlooks, and ultimately, what occupation(s) should I build my career upon?

It takes the accumulation of a wide array of individual information to answer these questions. Employers provide the foundation information about the occupations they employ. Jobs are held by individuals, but employers provide the profile information about the job itself, not any particular individual.

Since society desires to profile such a broad spectrum of the economy — occupational profiles and the occupational distribution within the economy — only government is in the unique position to collect, analyze and provide answers for said desire. Yet, no government program or regulatory agency mandates any comprehensive occupational reporting from individuals or businesses. Therefore, government attempts to fill the void with an ongoing, robust and voluntary survey of employers — a survey where employers are asked to provide details about their various occupations; including descriptions, quantities, wages/salaries and location. Through this survey emerges an occupational portrait of an economy.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) structures and funds the survey, yet the individual states conduct the survey. Under BLS administration, all states use the same methodology; therefore, occupational profiles are comparable across states.

Through this survey, analysts discover how industries are populated with various occupations. Accountant is an occupation, yet accountants can be found across many different industries. Other occupations may be more exclusive to certain industries; for example, doctors are largely found only in the healthcare industry. One of the survey’s products is that industries can be profiled with their general mix of occupations. This is called an industry’s occupational staffing pattern.

This brings us back to the original questions: what occupations are in demand, what occupations pay well and have lucrative outlooks, and ultimately, what occupation(s) should I build my career upon? The foundation is to make informed forecasts about how industries will expand/contract over the next 10 years. By applying existing occupational staffing patterns to each industry’s projected change, a trained economic analyst can then make an extrapolation about how occupations will correspondingly increase/decrease. Knowledgeable analyst judgment further refines the occupational expectations, such as knowing an occupation will grow faster than in the past, with the result being a set of occupational projections that accumulate to profile a state or regional economy.

A new set of occupational projections are done every two years to keep the information fresh even though economies do not change dramatically in short order. Because of slow change, updated occupational projects generally continue the overall message of preceding occupational projections. But economies do modify with time, and therefore, subtle changes will arise with each new set of occupational projections.

Utah’s most recent occupational projections are found here: http://www.jobs.utah.gov/wi/pubs/outlooks/state/index.html. These projections look forward to the year 2024.

The occupational profile is structured from the general to the detailed, mimicking the structure of a family tree. First, broad occupational categories are defined, such as management or healthcare occupations; then, subcategories are defined; and finally, individual occupations are defined. Individual occupations are the heart of the occupational projections. But overall patterns and characteristics do emerge when observing the broader categories.

While a Utah statewide profile leads the way, Utah’s local economies are not homogenous; therefore, nine Utah subregions are also profiled. Due to confidentiality restraints and statistical reliability, the amount of occupations available will diminish the smaller a subregion; but, occupations comprising the backbone of a regional economy will be available.

Eastern Region Highlights

Scott Smith, Regional Economist

The Eastern Region labor market is dominated by resource extraction industries. Roughly 15 percent of all 2014 jobs (the base year for the projections) are counted in the mining sector. A further 4 percent are involved in the short haul trucking industry — businesses that are almost exclusively hauling coal, oil and gas-related products. Alternately, a little more than half the jobs in the Eastern Region are located in the oil-rich Uintah Basin. Employment in Uintah and Duchesne counties is highly dependent on the price of oil and subject to the volatility of the commodity cycle. It is an understatement to note that the oil and gas industry is currently in a slump. In addition, Carbon and Emery counties both have a relatively large number of active coal mines, an industry facing its own challenges.

Given these headwinds, Eastern Region employment is projected to grow by only 0.8 percent annually through 2024. Total oil and gas employment is projected to grow at 0.1 percent annually. Coal mining employment is expected to decline by 1.3 percent annually. Construction, which is currently 6 percent of the total jobs, is naturally expected to follow this trend and is projected to increase by only 0.3 percent annually.

Table 1 shows the top six sectors in terms of new jobs. These 2,546 jobs comprise a little more than 60 percent of the projected Eastern Region total.



 With the exception of Junior Colleges and Restaurants and Eating Places, growth is expected to be sluggish.

Occupations related to the restaurant industry are expected to add the greatest number of net new jobs. Combined food preparation/serving workers and waiters/waitresses are expected to add more than 13 percent of net new jobs over the forecast horizon. The entry level salary for these jobs range from $16,888 to $17,010.
While cashiers are expected to add a substantial number of jobs annually, the total number of jobs is expected to shrink over the forecast horizon. The high number of annual openings is entirely a function of turnover. Entry level cashier jobs in the Eastern Region pay $17,220.

Heavy truck drivers are expected to add almost 5 percent of net new jobs. These jobs pay $39,400 to start and require some post-secondary education.

For occupations requiring at least a bachelor’s degree, the teaching occupations generate the largest number of net new positions. These jobs are projected to comprise 10 percent of all net new jobs. The vast number of these jobs are involved in primary or secondary education and start around the mid-$30,000.

Thursday, October 6, 2016

Veterans in Uintah County

https://public.tableau.com/profile/publish/NewVizforvets/StoryforVeterans#!/publish-confirm

The Department of Workforce Services has just published an interactive graphic on Utah veterans. Based on 2015 Census Bureau data, it allows researchers (and the simply curious) to “drill down” to veteran profiles at the county level.

The department pays special attention to veterans for a number of reasons. Obviously, the nation is deeply obligated to veterans for their service. Veterans also make up almost 5 percent of Utah’s population and roughly half of veterans are of working age. Veterans have a higher disability proportion than the general public and sometimes have difficulty adapting their military skills to civilian uses. Given the potential for lost productivity, it also makes economic sense for society to concentrate on this population.

As an example of the information available and the potential for insights, this post will focus on Uintah County veterans. The veteran’s visualization profile has five profile segmentations, each represented by a “tab” above the graphs that one can click on.

The first tab is a broad overview of veterans statewide. The first tab is a broad overview of veterans statewide.

The second tab details Uintah County veterans versus Utah veterans as a whole. Uintah County veterans in the 18-34 year-old age group (known as a cohort) are employed and participate in the labor force at a much higher rate than veterans in the state as a whole. It is not clear whether this is a function of disabled veterans flocking to population centers or whether statewide veterans are seeking higher education and therefore unavailable for work.

The third tab shows median income for Uintah County by sex and veteran status. Two observations are especially noteworthy; female veterans earn roughly as much as males and male veterans make significantly less than nonveterans in Uintah County. The first demonstrates that women veterans are full and equal participants in the labor market. This is highly unusual; most counties in Utah have a larger income discrepancy between women and men. Lastly veterans are likely underrepresented in the oil and gas industry. This sector drives Uintah County wages, and the age distribution of Uintah County veterans looks similar or younger than the state’s as a whole. This is inferred by the Veterans by Era of Service tab. Since county wages are driven by the oil and gas industry, lower wages imply lower representation.

Lastly, the fifth tab shows veterans by educational attainment and veteran’s status. It is interesting to note that the Uintah County profile shows that veterans have more bachelor’s degrees than their nonveteran counterparts, but less than Utah veterans statewide.